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お言葉;御言葉 [おことば;みことば(御言葉)]

(Expressions (phrases, clauses, etc.))

(1) availing myself of your kind offer/taking you at your word/ (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

(2) (みことば only) God's word/word of God

お国言葉;御国言葉 [おくにことば]

(See 国言葉) national language/local dialect (polite (teineigo) language) (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

ら抜き [らぬき]

(See ら抜き言葉) 'ra'-removed/the practice of skipping the 'ra' from the 'rareru' verb conjugation (abbreviation) (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

ら抜き言葉 [らぬきことば]

'ra'-removed word (i.e. lacking the 'ra' in the 'rareru' verb conjunction) (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))


(auxiliary verb, Ichidan verb)

(1) (れる for 五段 verbs, られる for 一段. Follows the imperfective form of and verbs) (See 未然形,迷惑の受身・めいわくのうけみ) indicates passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") (noun or participle which takes the aux. verb suru) (Godan verb (not completely classified))

(2) (no imperative form. Infrequently used in modern Japanese, e.g. 歩ける is favoured over 歩かれる) (See ら抜き言葉・らぬきことば) indicates the potential form

(3) (no imperative form) indicates spontaneous occurrence

(4) (no imperative form) used as an honorific for others' actions (honorific or respectful (sonkeigo) language)

アセンブリー言葉 [アセンブリーことば]

assembly language (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

クッション言葉 [クッションことば]

(e.g. 申し訳ありませんが、あいにく) (See クッションワード) word to soften awkward topics (esp. refusal in business conversation, e.g. "I am afraid that ...") (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

コヘレトの言葉 [コヘレトのことば]

Ecclesiastes (book of the Bible) (lit: words of Qohelet) (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

下町言葉 [したまちことば]

(See 山の手言葉) working-class accent or dialect (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))

花言葉;花詞 [はなことば]

language of flowers (noun (common) (futsuumeishi))